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can you get pregnant when you have your period?

26 Feb

Some health issues and bad habits can make it harder to get pregnant.
A few months before trying to get pregnant, take inventory of behaviors and health issues and get yourselves into the best shape
possible, not only so that you can get pregnant without difficulty but also so you’ll be healthy new parents.

Checking out your physical health before trying to get pregnant isn’t difficult. See your doctor, let him know you’re trying to get
pregnant, change any medications that may impact fertility, and run some blood tests.
How to Prepare for pregnancy
Uncovering female health issues that impact conception

Many female health problems can cause fertility difficulties.
Some affect egg production and the menstrual cycle; others affect egg transport and implantation, like fibroids and fallopian tube
damage. Many can be improved after you identify them.

Sexually transmitted diseases

One of the biggest fertility busters in the age of sexual freedom is sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs. The following STDs can
affect female fertility in these ways:
✓ Chlamydia, if not treated promptly, increases by 40 percent the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease, which damages the fallopian tubes. Women with PID are seven to ten times more likely to have an ectopic pregnancy. Eighty percent of women who have had chlamydia three or more times are infertile.
✓ Gonorrhea also increases the risk of PID and ectopic pregnancy.
✓ Syphilis can cause miscarriage, stillbirth, and developmental delays and blindness in your unborn child.

STDs need to be treated early with antibiotics before damage is done to the tubes. Having a hysterosalpingogram (HSG), a dye test
to assess the patency of the tubes, is a good idea if your partner has any concerns about whether her tubes have been damaged in
the past.


Endometriosis, implantation of the tissue that lines the inside of the uterus in places it doesn’t belong, is common; 5.5 million women in the United States suffer from it, and 40 percent of women with endometriosis have fertility issues.
Endometriosis tissue bleeds at the time of the menstrual period and leads to scarring and pain. Endometrial implants can be removed in some cases, but they tend to recur.

Most endometriosis is found in the pelvis, near the uterus, but it can turn up in some odd places, like the lungs. In vitro fertilization (IVF) can increase the chances of pregnancy in women with endometriosis.

Polycystic ovary syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome, PCOS, affects between 5 to 10 percent of women of childbearing age, and can cause anovulation, or failure to produce a mature egg.

PCOS is associated with an abnormal rise in male hormones, called androgens; all women have some male hormones, but women with PCOS have more than normal.
They’re often overweight and have excess body and facial hair, thinning head hair (just like some men), and acne. Women with
PCOS also have a higher rate of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure. Fertility medications may be needed for women with PCOS to get pregnant.

Thyroid problems

Thyroid problems are common in women of childbearing age and can cause anovulation (failure to recruit and develop eggs). A
simple blood test checks for thyroid function. Low thyroid levels can raise prolactin levels, which can also interfere with ovulation.

How to Prepare for pregnancy
Fibroids are common uterine growths (rarely cancerous) that occur in up to 75 percent of women and often cause no problems
with conception. However, fibroids can grow big enough to interfere with embryo implantation or to cause preterm labor in some
women. See Figure 2-3.
Fibroids are easily seen with pelvic ultrasound, and can be removed surgically if they appear to be interfering with pregnancy.